Changes in Oil Production Technology
There has been evolution in oil production technology today compared to how it was in the past as you will learn more here. Because of its importance in our lives, it is best if we take a look at the changes that have taken place since it was discovered. The ancient people in Mesopotamia used a hardened substance called bitumen to construct sailing vessels and put jewelry pieces together. The Kings of Egypt used bitumen for the construction of the famous pyramids. These minerals which oozed to the surface freely requiring no extraction equipment led to the discovery of oil.
The technique used to obtain oil on its discovery was by simply digging. At the time, oil was used as medicine and the Chinese also lit their lamps as well as warm their houses using this product. There was not much knowledge of oil and the people came up with myths about the earth releasing gases and liquids.
The next discovery to be made as you will find here, was the spring pole. The device as you discover more here, was attached to a tree which provided the required resistance to reach greater depth, was used by the Ruffner brothers to enhance salt extraction. Oil was still not the primary goal but the people believed it could serve several purposes. With the introduction of steam to power ,the spring pole salt extraction proceeded at higher rates. A Yale chemist Benjamin Silliman discovered more about how oil could be converted into kerosene that is used for lighting lamps. Following this information, people saw the importance of oil and processes to extract it began.
As you will find out in this website, the demand for oil was to rise in the near future. The number of oil deposits discovered in the earth increased. During the drilling process there were sediments that obstructed extraction of oil and the need for better machinery came up. As a result, a technique called rotary drilling was developed whose head penetrated the hard rock without the need to remove debris regularly. One event that marked how effectiveness of the rotary drill in the process of oil extraction was observed in Texas when a rig struck a rock resulting into a lot of oil flowing to the surface. As the world war 1 was set to begin, the demand for this product increased resulting in dire need for improved equipment following strong competition among nations. The most important aspect of the rotary drilling method was to extract oil found very deep into the earth.
At the moment as we learn more here, rotary rigs are still in use for extracting oil. Even though the rotary rigs are still in use, they have been modified to today’s technology. Besides that, the rigs are more sophisticated. For example ,as you see here is that one rig can drill multiple oil wells and even move on their own.